TEHRAN–U.S. and EU sanctions on Iran’s oil exports will drive up oil prices globally because no viable alternative exists for the Islamic republic’s output, Iran’s envoy to OPEC was quoted as saying by the Mehr news agency on Tuesday. “If there were an assured substitute for a big oil exporter then the sanctions would not send a price shock to the market … (But) conditions in different nations show that, in present circumstances, a substitute does not exist,” Mohammad Ali Khatibi said. He predicted that “oil prices will continue to rise in the market” because of colder than usual winter weather in America and Europe, and unrest in Sudan, Syria and Nigeria impacting their oil exports. Oil prices on Tuesday slipped slightly, to US$100.52 a barrel for light sweet Texas crude and US$117.20 a barrel for Brent crude, on worsening economic outlooks for several European countries. But they remained supported generally by the ongoing tensions over Iran. The European Union has declared a ban on Iranian oil imports that is being phased in through to July. The United States has imposed sanctions which expose any foreign company that does business with Iran’s oil sector to U.S. reprisals.