By Elaine Kurtenbach, AP
TOKYO — Japan slipped back into a trade deficit in July, as exports languished and imports of gas and generating equipment surged, the Ministry of Finance reported Wednesday.
The deficit was 517.4 billion yen (US$6.5 billion) in July, according to provisional trade figures. That compares with a 69.7 -billion-yen surplus a year earlier and a modest surplus of 62 million yen in June of this year.
Exports fell 8 percent from a year earlier in July to 5.3 trillion yen (US$66.9 billion), while imports rose 2 percent to 5.83 trillion yen (US$73.6 billion), the ministry said.
Japan has managed to eke out small trade surpluses in some months over the last year, but reported a record annual trade deficit for the fiscal year that ended in March.
The strong Japanese yen has hurt exports, as have disruptions caused by last year’s earthquake and tsunami disaster in northeastern Japan, which hampered production of autos and electronics.
Exports have also suffered from weaker European demand due to the debt crisis.
Japan posted its biggest half-year trade deficit ever in January-June — 2.9 trillion yen (US$37.4 billion) — as exports weakened and fuel imports soared to keep power going despite shutdowns of most of the country’s nuclear reactors.
All but two of Japan’s 50 working reactors remain offline after the nuclear crisis set off in March 2011 by a massive earthquake and tsunami, leaving the country more reliant than in the past on imported oil, gas and coal to supply electricity.
Japan’s imports of liquefied natural gas jumped 24 percent from a year earlier in July, while imports of power generating machinery rose 39 percent.
Power conservation efforts have boosted sales of electric fans and bamboo sunshades, most made in China, as families switch off air conditioners while trying to beat the heat, the Japan External Trade Organization reported.