By Jack Kim and Louis Charbonneau ,Reuters
SEOUL/UNITED NATIONS — South Korea’s military said it will strike back at North Korea and target its top leadership if Pyongyang launches a threatened attack in response to what it says are “hostile” drills between U.S. and South Korean forces. One of North Korea’s top generals, in a rare appearance on state television on Tuesday, said Pyongyang had torn up its armistice deal with Washington and threatened military action against the U.S. and South Korea if the drills continued. The military exercises began on March 1 and run until April 30. North Korea is gearing up to expand its own military drills and may be preparing to test-fire short-to-medium-range missiles by banning flights and sailing off its coast, South Korea’s Yonhap news agency said, quoting South Korean government sources. “The North’s military … is preparing large-scale combined military exercises so it may have blocked off the areas for nautical firing or fighter jet firing exercises,” Yonhap quoted a South Korean government source as saying.
“But the firing of missiles cannot be ruled out.”
The South’s Defense Ministry and office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff could not confirm that report, but South Korean officials have said the North is conducting military exercises that appear to be larger in scale than in previous years. Tensions have ratcheted higher across the Korean peninsula since the North, under youthful leader Kim Jong Un who took office just over a year ago after the death of his father, launched a long-range rocket in December.
He followed this with a third nuclear test on Feb. 12, triggering the prospect of more U.N. sanctions that are due to be formally announced on Thursday after the United States and China, the North’s one major diplomatic ally, struck a deal to punish Pyongyang.
At the same time, North Korea has stepped up its military threats against South Korea and the United States, prompting the terse warning from Seoul on Wednesday that it would not stand idly by if its territory was attacked. “We have all preparations in place for strong and decisive punishment, not only against the source of the aggression and its support forces but also the commanding element,” Major General Kim Yong-hyun of the South Korean army told a news conference in one of the clearest threats Seoul has made.
No More Yachts and Racing Cars The proposed fresh sanctions would explicitly ban the sale to Pyongyang of items coveted by North Korea’s ruling elite, such as yachts and racing cars, a U.N. Security Council diplomat said on condition of anonymity.
In 2009, Italian authorities blocked the sale of two yachts worth more than US$10 million that they believed were headed for Kim Jong Il, the current Kim’s father, who enjoyed copious amounts of luxury brandy and fresh sushi in a country where a third of the population is malnourished. The new sanctions will target North Korea’s financial transactions, which often involve using cash couriers that make them hard to trace, and its criminal activities such as drugs and counterfeiting. The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice, said the new sanctions would target “the illicit activities of North Korean diplomatic personnel, North Korean banking relationships, (and) illicit transfers of bulk cash.” North Korea was slapped with sanctions in 2006 that banned the import of a range of luxury goods from jet skis to Harleys following its first nuclear test. The impoverished country, whose economy is smaller than it was 20 years ago, has been subject to sanctions of some kind from the United States for almost all of its existence and since 2006 has seen United Nations sanctions imposed for its long range rocket and nuclear tests.