By James Pheby, AFP
LONDON–Queen Elizabeth II on Tuesday welcomed the Irish president to Britain for the first time since the republic became independent with a banquet, controversially attended by former IRA commander Martin Guinness. The Windsor Castle dinner, attended by British Prime Minister David Cameron and a host of celebrities, was thrown as part of Irish President Michael D. Higgins’s state visit as the once-hostile neighbors seek to consolidate their improving ties.
The historic state visit builds on the queen’s groundbreaking visit to Ireland in 2011, which helped put British-Irish relations on a new footing. Shortly after guests took their seats at 8:40 pm (1940 GMT), the monarch welcomed Higgins to Britain and expressed her hopes for a “more settled future” between the two nations. Higgins earlier hailed the warm ties between the two nations, which he said once seemed “unachievable.” Addressing both houses of parliament in London, Higgins said Ireland’s bloody fight for independence from Britain, gained in 1922, “inevitably casts its long shadow across our relations.” But the queen’s visit in 2011 had shown that where Britain and the republic once looked at each other with “doubtful eyes,” they could now view each other “through trusting eyes and mutual respect and shared commitment.” In his speech at the Palace of Westminster, he said: “The relationship between our two islands has, as I have said, achieved a closeness and warmth that once seemed unachievable.” Higgins, the first Irish president to make a state visit to Britain since independence in 1922, and his wife Sabina were earlier treated to a spectacular ceremonial welcome in Windsor, west of London, comprising gun salutes and a glittering military parade involving 850 soldiers and 275 horses. After a private lunch, the 72-year-old president returned to London and laid a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey. His show of remembrance for the British military’s fallen is highly symbolic, given the long history of the army in quelling dissent in Ireland. “After so much checkered history, the avoidable and regrettable pain of which is still felt by many of us, this goal is now within reach,” the queen added.