Trade, closer defense ties top Australia-Japan agenda

By Glenda Kwek, AFP

SYDNEY–Closer defense cooperation is set to take center stage when Australia hosts Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe this week, while the two allies will also shore up a burgeoning trade relationship, analysts say. It is the first bilateral visit by a Japanese prime minister since 2002 and comes just days after Abe declared his powerful military had the right to go into battle in defense of allies, a move welcomed by Canberra but condemned by China as expansionism. Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has courted Japan on security and trade matters since coming to power in September, describing their relationship as “special,” as Asia adjusts to China’s growing assertiveness in the region. At the same time, Japan’s long-held pacifist stance has evolved under Abe, with his country reaching out to Australia amid escalating tensions between Beijing and its neighbors over islands in the South China Sea and East China Sea. The key U.S. allies are tipped to announce annual leadership meetings during the July 7-10 trip, while the security theme raised in Abbott’s visit to Tokyo in April will continue with the expected finalization of a submarine deal allowing Australia to tap Japan’s defense technologies. Abe is also due to attend a meeting of the cabinet-level National Security Committee and address parliament — the first Japanese leader to do so — in a move defense analyst Hugh White described as “a very significant gesture in its own right.” “What’s very striking is just how quickly Tony Abbott has moved to change the tone of the relationship with Japan,” White told AFP, adding that the strengthening of security links “carries huge implications for Australia.” White added that any step Canberra took toward enhancing its security relationship with Tokyo would be seen by China as contrary to its strategic interests in the context of strained ties with Japan. “The challenge for Australia is to avoid being pulled too much one way or the other,” he said. Stronger Trade,

Resources Ties

While defense matters look set to play a starring role, closer economic ties are also on the agenda as the two leaders rubber-stamp a long-awaited free trade deal agreed in April. The deal gives many Australian producers and exporters an important competitive advantage, with more than 97 percent of Australia’s exports to Japan receiving preferential or duty-free access. China is Australia’s largest trading partner, with two-way trade worth more than AU$150 billion (US$140 million) in 2013, while Japan is second at almost AU$70 billion. Joining Abe will be 25 Japanese chief executives, mirroring a similarly sized delegation of Australian business leaders that accompanied Abbott to Tokyo. After spending Tuesday in Canberra, Abe will fly to the mining-rich Pilbara region in Western Australia and Perth, a reflection of Australia’s role as a significant supplier of energy and resources to Japan. Abe’s reforms, dubbed “Abenomics,” have seen Tokyo implement big government-spending policies, ease monetary policy, move toward more flexible labor markets and sign the free-trade deal with Australia.