By Ingrid Bazinet, AFP
SANLUCAR DE BARRAMEDA, Spain–Unable to pay her mortgage, Manoli Herrera turned over her flat to the bank and moved into one of six abandoned buildings occupied by other jobless families in Sanlucar de Barrameda, a seaside town on Spain’s southern coast. “I did not want my two children to experience the violence of an eviction. They have already gone through so much,” she said as her children played in the courtyard of the occupied building. Twenty struggling families, many with children, moved into the building on June 30. Several days later another 60 families moved into five nearby buildings. The six new buildings belong to a real estate developer that went bankrupt and disappeared. A message written on a white bedsheet that hangs from the courtyard of one of the occupied reads: “Everyone has the right to a home. Fighting for a home.” The occupied buildings have been dubbed “The Courtyards of Dignity.” The name was inspired by the high-profile occupation of another building in May 2012 by about 20 families aided by anti-poverty activists in Seville, about 100 kilometers away that was called “Utopia Courtyard.” The authorities evicted those families from that building in April. Herrera, 39, said she lost her job in 2009 when the company she worked for went bankrupt.
With her husband also out of work, the couple eventually stopped paying their mortgage. After missing three monthly mortgage payments the bank told the couple they had two options: turn over the home to the lender, or be evicted and be liable for the 86,000 euros (US$116,000) they still owed. They are part of a surge in the number of indebted Spanish families that have lost their homes since a decade-long property bubble burst in 2008, throwing millions of people out of work. While evictions have soared, the collapse of the property bubble has left an estimated 700,000 empty new homes scattered across Spain — which are often the target of squatters. “The ‘courtyards’ are a reflection of the social situation. They highlight the problem of the housing emergency that exists which the authorities try to hide,” said Francisco Cuevas of the CNT union who regularly brings food for the residents of “The Courtyards of Dignity.” ‘It was unbearable’