Mideast conflict now in a new phase with Palestinian ICC bid

By Sarah Benhaida ,AFP

JERUSALEM — The Palestinians have moved into uncharted territory by bidding to join the International Criminal Court (ICC), analysts say, with the decades-old conflict with Israel now set to play out on the world stage. After years of threats, the Palestinians finally turned to the ICC last month after the U.N. Security Council rejected a resolution setting a deadline for ending Israel’s occupation of their lands. A furious Israel responded by freezing the transfer of tax revenues it collects for the Palestinian leadership and threatening further punitive measures. The moves dashed hopes of a return to peace talks that have failed time and again, including in last year’s aborted bid led by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. Analysts say the Mideast conflict has moved into a new chapter, with the Palestinians pursuing a fresh strategy of putting pressure on Israel through the international community. ��The peace process born at Oslo is dead and buried, and we’re now at the start of a new phase,�� said Karim Bitar, a Middle East analyst based in Paris, referring to the 1993 peace accords.

How far Israel will take its response to the ICC bid will be a key question, analysts say, as it will fear going too far in undermining the Palestinian Authority. ��Israel has a dilemma �X we want to have leverage against the Palestinians, to prevent them from referring (cases) to the ICC,�� said Robbie Sabel, a former legal adviser to the Israeli foreign ministry. ��However, we don’t want to undermine them. It’s in our interest that they be in effective control of the West Bank.�� Under the 1993 Oslo Accords which established the Palestinian Authority, the two sides agreed to coordinate on security issues in the occupied territories. The Palestinians have threatened to halt that cooperation, raising fears of increased security risks to Israel. Following the ICC move, Israel’s Intelligence Minister Yuval Steinitz threatened ��severe�� steps in response, even referring to a ��gradual dissolution�� of the PA. But analysts said such a step would be unlikely.