BANGKOK — Myanmar’s military freed more than 400 child soldiers last year, the United Nations has confirmed, a record number since the ��tatmadaw�� army signed a 2012 pact with the U.N. on the issue. There are no verifiable figures on how many children are currently serving in Myanmar’s huge military, which has faced a slew of accusations over rights abuses, including the forced recruitment of children to work as porters or even human mine detectors. Since the pact was signed, a total of 595 children have been freed, with 70 percent of the releases �X 418 �X taking place in the last twelve months, including 42 on Friday, the U.N. said.
��Within a one year period of time, this is a record number of children coming out of the Armed Forces, reflecting the accelerated efforts of the Government of Myanmar and the Tatmadaw to put an end to the harmful practice of recruiting and using children,�� Renata Lok-Dessallien, U.N. resident coordinator in Myanmar, said in a statement. All those released by the military so far were under the age of 18 when the pact with the U.N. was signed in June 2012.
While human rights groups have welcomed the gradual release of child soldiers, many have decried the fact that Myanmar’s military has yet to completely halt their use. In October, U.S. President Barack Obama decided to keep Myanmar on a list of nations subject to U.S. sanctions over its use of child soldiers.
The law prevents U.S. military assistance to or the sale of licenses for commercial military sales to cited nations. The U.N. says at least seven rebel groups in Myanmar are also known to recruit child soldiers. The country’s quasi-civilian government is struggling to ink a nationwide cease-fire deal as part of its reform drive since replacing outright military rule in 2011. But decades under the iron-fisted junta and years of bloody conflict in the country’s borderlands have left a legacy of deep distrust of the military, which was long accused of committing abuses with impunity. Most recently violence has raged in Kachin state, after a 17-year cease-fire between rebels and the government splintered in 2011, driving almost 100,000 civilians from their homes and into displacement camps. On Friday thousands of mourners gathered for the funerals of two young teachers in Kachin who activists allege were murdered by tatmadaw soldiers during a recent uptick in fighting there.