By Hamid Fahim, AFP
MAZAR-I-SHARIF, Afghanistan — Troops battled Monday to end an hours-long gun and bomb siege near the Indian consulate in Afghanistan’s Mazar-i-Sharif city, after a bloody weekend assault on an air base in India near the Pakistan border. Separately Monday a suicide bomber struck near Kabul’s international airport, underscoring the worsening security situation in Afghanistan. The lethal assaults on Indian targets appear aimed at derailing Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s bold diplomatic outreach to arch-rival Pakistan following his first official visit to Afghanistan last month. No group has so far claimed responsibility for the raid on the diplomatic mission in northern Afghanistan, the latest in a series of assaults on Indian installations in the country. Gunfights and grenade explosions echoed as commandos battled to flush out militants holed up in a building near the consulate, with powerful provincial Governor Atta Mohammad Noor overseeing the operation. “The attackers are enemies of Afghanistan who do not want peace,” Noor told reporters. “We will suppress them as soon as possible.” But nearly 17 hours after the siege began, security officials said they were proceeding cautiously in the residential area to limit civilian casualties.
An Indian official, who was hunkered down in a secure area within the diplomatic enclave, said all consulate employees were safe. “We are being attacked,” the official told AFP by telephone from inside the heavily guarded compound soon after the fighting erupted late Sunday evening. Local police said some consulate employees had been evacuated. The attack followed a raid over the weekend by suspected Islamist insurgents on an air force base in the northern Indian state of Punjab. Seven soldiers were confirmed killed in the raid on the Pathankot base, which triggered a 14-hour gun battle Saturday and further firing Sunday. It was not clear Monday whether any surviving attackers remained inside the base but troops were checking the area. “The operation continues at the base. (With) intermittent firing … we are moving step by step to sanitize the area,” an army spokesperson in Pathankot said. “It’s too early to say when the operation will be over.”
Officials suspect the gunmen belong to the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed, the group that staged the 2001 attack on the Indian parliament that brought the two countries to the brink of war. The brazen attack was apparently aimed at undermining the fragile peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals. The spike in violence came about a week after Modi paid a surprise visit to Pakistan, the first by an Indian premier in 11 years. The visit immediately followed a whirlwind tour of Kabul, where Modi inaugurated an Indian-built parliament complex and gave three Russian-made helicopters to the Afghan government. India has been a key supporter of Kabul’s post-Taliban government, and analysts have often pointed to the threat of a “proxy war” in Afghanistan between India and Pakistan.