By Ali Noorani, AFP
TEHRAN–Iran denounced new U.S. sanctions on its missile program on Monday but pushed ahead with international cooperation after its historic nuclear deal. Washington announced the new sanctions on Sunday, the day after the U.N. atomic watchdog confirmed that Iran had complied with the measures imposed by the deal with global powers reached in Vienna in July. World leaders hailed the implementation of the deal, and the subsequent lifting of European and U.S. sanctions, as a milestone in international diplomacy. But in a sign that tensions persist, the U.S. Treasury announced it was imposing sanctions on five Iranian nationals and a network of companies based in the United Arab Emirates and mainland China in connection with Iran’s ballistic missile program. Iran’s foreign ministry on Monday decried the new measures as “illegitimate,” with spokesman Hossein Jaber Ansari insisting the missile program has no links with the nuclear issue. “Iran’s missile program has never been designed to be capable of carrying nuclear weapons,” Ansari was quoted as saying by the ISNA news agency.
He said Iran would respond by “accelerating its legal ballistic missile program and boosting defense capabilities.” Defense Minister Hossein Dehghan said the new sanctions would have “no effect,” telling the Fars news agency: “We will prove it in practice by unveiling new missile achievements.” Cooperation on the nuclear program was moving forward however, with International Atomic Energy Agency chief Yukiya Amano in Tehran for talks with senior officials on Iran’s continued compliance with the deal. Amano met Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, and was to hold talks with President Hassan Rouhani to discuss monitoring and verifying Iran’s commitments under the agreement. “We talked about future cooperation, especially in the new atmosphere, and we partially drew the road map” for continued efforts, state television quoted Salehi as saying after the talks. ‘A new chapter’ Rouhani on Sunday said the implementation of the nuclear deal — negotiated with the United States, Britain, China, France, Russia and Germany — had “opened a new chapter” in Iran’s relations with the world. U.S. President Barack Obama praised the deal as a breakthrough in diplomacy, but noted that “profound differences” with Tehran remained over its “destabilizing activities.” Warming ties between the longtime foes were also in evidence in a weekend prisoner swap that saw Tehran release four Iranian-Americans, including Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian. Rezaian, Christian pastor Saeed Abedini and former U.S. Marine Amir Hekmati arrived at a U.S. military base in Germany late on Sunday on their way home from Iran. A fourth Iranian-American, Nosratollah Khosravi-Roodsari was also set free but chose not to leave Iran, local media reported. Under the exchange, Washington said it had granted clemency to seven Iranians, six of whom were dual U.S.-Iranian citizens, and dropped charges against 14 others. Rouhani, a moderate whose 2013 election victory helped launch the huge diplomatic effort toward the deal, has promised that the lifting of sanctions will give a major boost to Iran’s economy.