中情局網上公開千萬頁解密檔


[email protected] China Post

美國中央情報局近日在網上首次公開了近1300萬頁解密檔,其中包括暗殺卡斯楚計畫、納粹戰爭罪行資料以及“星門計畫”心靈感應研究報告等相關檔。這些資訊大部分已經在上世紀90年代中期公之於眾,獲取方式卻非常不便。但今後所有解密檔案都可以在中情局圖書館網站上查詢,任何人都可以流覽。

About 13 million pages of declassified documents from the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have been released online. 美國中央情報局在網上公開了約1300萬頁解密文件。

The move came after lengthy efforts from freedom of information advocates and a lawsuit against the CIA. 此次公開是因為要求資訊公開透明人士的長期努力和一起對中情局的訴訟。

The agency published the roughly 930,000 documents that make up the CIA Records Search Tool (Crest) on Tuesday. 該機構17日公開了中情局紀錄查詢工具Crest中的約93萬份文件。

While much of the information has been technically publicly available since the mid-1990s, it has been very difficult to access. 雖然嚴格來講大部分資訊已經在上世紀90年代中期公之於眾,但是這些資訊一直都很難獲取。

The records were only available on four physical computers located in the back of a library at the National Archives in Maryland, between 09:00 and 16:30 each day. 人們只能在每天9點到16點半之間,在馬里蘭州國家檔案館圖書館後的四台電腦上查詢這些檔。

“Previously, in order to directly access Crest, a researcher was required to visit the National Archives at College Park, Maryland,” according to the program’s webpage. “CIA recognized that such visits were inconvenient and presented an obstacle to many researchers.” 據Crest網站稱,“為了直接訪問Crest,研究人員此前需要前往馬里蘭大學派克分校的國家檔案館。中情局承認這樣的訪問方式十分不便,給許多研究者帶來了障礙。”

The Crest database features a wide range of different files, including former secretary of state Henry Kissinger’s papers, and documents on Nazi war crimes. The collection also has files on UFOs, recipes for invisible ink and reports on research into telepathy. Crest資料庫中包含大量不同類型的檔,如前國務卿亨利•基辛格的論文、關於納粹戰爭罪行的檔等。檔案中還涉及UFO、隱形墨水配方以及心靈感應研究報告等相關資料。

This research included the Stargate Project, an initiative to investigate the possibilities of telepathy for intelligence use. A 1995 review of the research concluded it was “unclear whether the existence of a paranormal phenomenon, remote viewing, has been demonstrated”. 心靈感應研究中的“星門計畫”是為了探索將傳心術應用於情報工作的可能性。一份1995年的研究成果綜述總結稱“尚不清楚千里眼這種超自然現象的存在是否得到證實。”

The CIA also kept files and documents on media organizations and individual reporters. A letter attached to a photocopy of a Mother Jones article from 1978 describes the newsmagazine as a “locally-produced scandal sheet published by a dissident group”. The author and the recipient of the letter have been redacted from the files. 中情局還保存了媒體機構和記者個人的文件檔案。《鐘斯母親》雜誌1978年的一篇文章的影本上附有一份信函,信中將該新聞雜誌稱為“由異議團體出版的地方花邊新聞雜誌”。檔中的寫信人和收信人已經被修改。