月球快遞或成首個探月私人公司


ANN@The China Post

月球快遞(Moon Express)是一間美國私人公司,由矽谷太空企業家創立,以挖掘月球自然資源,獲得經濟價值為目標。去年,該公司成為美國政府批准的首個可執行太空探索任務的私人商業公司。近日,月球快遞表示已籌到足夠資金,並計畫于2017年開啟月球之旅。由於人們認為月球含有豐富的資源,此舉或將永遠改變能源和自然資源行業的命運,成為國際空間探索中的里程碑。

A US company has secured funding to become the first private entity to travel to the moon, with a planned 2017 voyage that will be an international milestone in space exploration. 一家美國公司已籌集到資金確保其成為首個赴月的私人公司,他們計畫于2017年開啟月球之旅,此舉將成為國際空間探索中的里程碑。

Moon Express, a Florida-based firm, said it had raised $20m in financing, which will allow it to send a robotic spacecraft to the moon’s surface later this year. 總部位於佛羅里達州的月球快遞公司稱,他們已籌集到2000萬美元,這筆資金足夠他們在今年晚些時候向月球表面發射一個無人航天器。

The funding is a major step in the company’s efforts to become the world’s first private enterprise to travel outside the Earth’s orbit. 這筆資金是助其成為全球首個赴月的私營企業的關鍵一步。

Last year, Moon Express gained historic approvals from the US government after submitting a request for its voyage to the Federal Aviation Administration. An outer space treaty, which was adopted by the United Nations and regulates exploration of the celestial world, requires governments to authorize and supervise “non-governmental entities” seeking to travel in outer space. 去年,月球快遞向聯邦航空管理局遞交申請後,獲得了美國政府的批准,這是一個歷史性的決定。聯合國通過的《外太空條約》規範了對太空的探索,要求各國政府對進入太空的“非政府實體”進行授權和監督。

“We now have all the resources in place to shoot for the Moon,” Bob Richards, Moon Express’s CEO, said in a statement announcing the funding achievements. “Our goal is to expand Earth’s social and economic sphere to the Moon, our largely unexplored eighth continent, and enable a new era of low cost lunar exploration and development for students, scientists, space agencies and commercial interests.” 月球快遞公司首席執行官鮑勃•理查斯在一份聲明中宣佈了募資成果,他說,“現在我們所需的一切赴月資源都已到位。我們的目標是將地球的社會和經濟領域拓展到基本沒有被開發的第八塊大陸——月球上,為學生、科學家、太空機構以及商業利益開啟低成本探索開發月球的全新時代。

Moon Express has said it aims to mine the moon for minerals, and the tech entrepreneur Naveen Jain, its co-founder and chairman, has said he hopes to lower the costs of space travel and help pave the way for the colonization of the moon, and eventually of Mars. 月球快遞表示其目的是開採月球礦藏,該公司聯合創始人兼董事長內維•傑恩稱,他希望降低太空旅行的成本,為定居月球並最終在火星定居做好準備。