特朗普“史上最大力度”稅改 被指犧牲中產為富人減稅


[email protected] China Post

26日,特朗普政府公佈美國有史以來力度最大的減稅方案,根據這一方案,美國將大幅削減企業稅稅率,從35%降至15%。個人稅稅率將從7檔減少至3檔,分別是10%、25%和35%。但反對人士表示,大幅削減企業稅率將增加財政赤字,這些提案“基本上是以中產階級利益為代價,為富人大幅減稅。”

The Trump administration unveiled what it called the biggest tax cuts “in history” on Wednesday, in a move that will simplify the US tax system, slash taxes for businesses large and small – including his own – eliminate inheritance taxes and set the president on a collision course with Congress over the likely $2tn-plus cost of the proposal. 特朗普政府26日公佈了號稱“史上”力度最大的減稅計畫,此舉將簡化美國的稅收制度,降低包括特朗普自家企業在內的大小企業納稅率,取消遺產稅。被削減的稅收可能超過2萬億美元,或將引發總統與國會間的衝突。

Critics immediately called it “basically a huge tax cut for the rich”. 批評人士立即指出,這“基本上是為富人大幅減稅”的提案。

The plan would cut the US’s individual income tax brackets from seven to three (10%, 25% and 35%) and slash US corporate tax rates from 35% to 15%. “We have a once-in-a-generation opportunity to do something really big,” said Gary Cohn, chief economic adviser to Donald Trump. “This is about growing the economy, creating jobs.” 該計畫將美國的個人所得稅稅率由7檔降至3檔(10%,25%和35%),並將美國企業的稅率從35%下調至15%。特朗普的首席經濟顧問蓋瑞•柯恩表示:“這是一個千載難逢的機會,我們將幹件大事兒。這關乎經濟增長和就業問題。”

Cohn and Steven Mnuchin, the treasury secretary, were short on details of the plan that, if passed, would be the largest overhaul of the US tax system since the Reagan era. “We are moving as quickly as we can,” said Mnuchin. 柯恩和財政部長史蒂文•努欽沒有談到提案的細節。如果該提案通過,將成為“自雷根時代以來力度最大的美國稅制改革”。努欽說:“我們正在加快進度。”

As well as slashing costs for his own businesses, the new proposals will also cut the alternative minimum tax (AMT), a tax designed to stop the super-wealthy from taking so many tax deductions that they avoid paying anything. Leaked documents have shown that in 2005 Trump paid $31m in tax thanks to the AMT. 新提案不僅為特朗普的企業降低成本,還將削減替代性最低稅。替代性最低稅旨在防止超級富豪因享受過多減稅政策,而無需繳納任何稅金。一些流出的檔顯示,因為有替代性最低稅,特朗普2005年支付了3100萬美元的稅金。

Mnuchin and Cohn were pressed on how Trump would benefit from the proposals, but they avoided the questions. 有人追問努欽和科恩,特朗普將從這些提案獲益多少,但是他們回避了這些問題。

The president will not be the only Trump administration official to benefit from the tax cuts. His cabinet is the richest in history and includes several billionaires. 特朗普不會是唯一一個從減稅政策中受益的政府官員。他的內閣班底是有史以來最富有的,其中包含多位億萬富翁。