拉加德:IMF總部十年內或將遷至北京


ANN@The China Post

The International Monetary Fund could be based in Beijing in a decade if growth trends for China and other big emerging markets continue and these are reflected in the Fund’s voting structure, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde said on Monday. 國際貨幣基金組織(IMF)總裁克莉絲蒂娜•拉加德7月24日稱,如果中國和其他較大新興市場繼續蓬勃發展,IMF總部或將在十年內遷至北京。新興市場的發展趨勢也體現在IMF的投票份額結構裡。

Lagarde said at a Center for Global Development event in Washington that such a move was “a possibility” because the Fund will need to increase the representation of major emerging markets as their economies grow larger and more influential. 拉加德在華盛頓的全球發展中心作出了如上表述,IMF總部搬遷是“可能的”,因為隨著各大新興市場進一步成長,影響力繼續擴大,IMF需要相應增加來自主要新興市場的代表。

“Which might very well mean, that if we have this conversation in 10 years’ time…we might not be sitting in Washington, D.C. We’ll do it in our Beijing head office,” Lagarde said. 拉加德說:“也就是說,如果我們是在十年後進行今天的討論,那我們極有可能會坐在北京總部辦公室裡,而非現在的華盛頓。”

She added that the IMF’s bylaws call for the institution’s head office to be located in the largest member economy. 她還表示,根據IMF的規章制度,總部應設在份額最大的成員經濟體。

Since the IMF was launched in 1945, that has always been the United States, which currently has an effective veto over IMF decisions with a 16.5 percent share of its board votes. 自1945年IMF成立以來,美國一直是全球最大的經濟體。美國目前在IMF董事會投票份額中占16.5%,在重大事務上享有一票否決權。

But economists estimate that China, with growth rates forecast above 6 percent, will likely overtake US gross domestic product sometime over the next decade to become the world’s largest economy in nominal terms. Some, including the IMF, have argued that China already contributes more to global growth on a purchasing power parity basis, which adjusts for differences in prices. 不過,有經濟學家預測,隨著中國的經濟增速預估高於6%,中國的GDP在未來十年內將有可能超過美國,按名義價值計算成為世界第一大經濟體。包括IMF在內的一些組織認為,以購買力平價計算,中國對全球增長的貢獻已超過美國。購買力平價針對價格差額進行了調整。

The IMF last revised its quota system, or voting structure in 2010, but is set to launch another review next year. IMF於2010年進行了上一次投票權份額調整,明年將開展新一輪調整。