互聯網告別Flash時代:Adobe宣佈2020年停止支持Flash


[email protected] China Post

Adobe Systems has said that it plans to phase out its Flash Player plug-in by the end of 2020. Adobe Systems公司表示,計畫在2020年底前逐步淘汰Flash播放機外掛程式。

The technology was once one of the most widely used ways for people to watch video clips and play games online. Flash曾經是人們觀看視頻片段和玩線上遊戲時最常用的播放技術之一。

But it also attracted much criticism, particularly as flaws in its code meant it became a popular way for hackers to infect computers. 但該項技術也受到許多批評,特別是代碼缺陷讓它成為駭客入侵電腦的普遍方式。

In recent years, much of its functionality has been offered by the rival HTML5 technology. 近年來,Flash的許多功能都已經被競爭對手HTML5技術所取代。

One of HTML5’s benefits is that it can be used to make multimedia content available within webpages without requiring users to install and update a dedicated plug-in. HTML5的好處之一是,它可以在網頁上提供多媒體內容,而不需要使用者安裝和更新專用外掛程式。

衰落與消亡

Apple was one of Flash’s most vocal critics. The late Steve Jobs once wrote a public letter about its shortcomings, highlighting concerns about its reliability, security and performance. 蘋果是Flash最強烈的批評者之一。已故蘋果公司聯合創始人史蒂夫•約伯斯曾經寫過一封關於Flash缺陷的公開信,強調對其可靠性、安全性和性能的擔憂。

The plug-in was never supported by Apple’s iOS mobile devices. 這款外掛程式也從未獲得蘋果iOS移動設備的支援。

Adobe’s vice president of product development, Govind Balakrishnan, said the firm had chosen to end Flash because other technologies, such as HTML5, had “matured enough and are capable enough to provide viable alternatives to the Flash player.” Adobe的產品開發副總裁戈文德•巴拉克裡欽南表示,公司已經選擇關閉Flash,因為HTML5等其他技術“已經足夠成熟,完全能夠替代Flash播放機。”

He added: “Few technologies have had such a profound and positive impact in the internet era.” 他補充說:“在互聯網時代,很少有技術能產生如此深遠而積極的影響。”

Apps developer Malcolm Barclay, who had worked on Flash in its early days, told the BBC: “It fulfilled its promise for a while but it never saw the mobile device revolution coming and ultimately that’s what killed it.” 應用程式開發者瑪律科姆•巴克利曾參與Flash的早期開發,他告訴BBC:“Flash滿足了人們的短期需求,但它沒有預見移動設備革命已經到來,因此最終被淘汰。”

When Adobe acquired Flash in its 2005 purchase of Macromedia, the technology was on more than 98% of personal computers. Adobe公司2005年收購Macromedia獲得Flash技術時,超過98%的個人電腦都在使用該技術。

But on Chrome, now the most popular web browser, Flash’s usage has fallen off dramatically. 但在現下最普及的網頁流覽器Chrome上,Flash的使用率卻急劇下降。

In 2014 it was used each day by 80% of desktop users, according to Google. The current figure is just 17%. 據穀歌稱,2014年80%的桌面用戶每天使用Flash播放機,而目前只有17%。

“This trend reveals that sites are migrating to open-web technologies, which are faster and more power-efficient than Flash,” Google added. “They’re also more secure.” 穀歌補充說:“這種趨勢表明,各個網站正在轉向開放網路技術,這些技術與Flash相比速度更快也更節能,而且還更加安全。”

Google phased out full support for Flash software at the end of last year. 去年年底,穀歌徹底停止對Flash軟體的全面支援。

Mr Balakrishnan said it did not expect the demise of Flash to affect profits at Adobe. 巴拉克裡欽南不認為Flash的消亡會影響Adobe的利潤。

“We think the opportunity for Adobe is greater in a post-Flash world,” he said. 他說:“我們認為Adobe在後Flash時代的機遇更好。”

But the firm added that it remained committed to support Flash up until the end of 2020 “as customers and partners put their migration plans into place”. 但該公司補充說,他們對Flash的技術支持將持續到2020年底,“這期間客戶和合作夥伴會將他們的更替計畫落實到位”。