全球嚴重交通空汙 數千萬民眾暴露在汙染的空氣中 | Taiwan ranks 4th for air pollution risk globally

根據英國醫學期刊《刺胳針星球健康》( Lancet Planetary Health )4月10日發表的新研究顯示,全球每年有 400 萬兒童因交通汙染罹患氣喘,而在排名上,台灣全球排名高居第四,每十萬人中就有 420 人發病。

TAIPEI (The China Post) – According to a study published in The Lancet Planetary Health on April 10, an estimate of 4 million children around the world develop asthma each year due to road traffic pollution. Taiwan even ranked fourth globally, meaning that 420 out of every 100,000 kids are afflicted by the potentially deadly condition, the global research said.

自 20 世紀 50 年代以來,兒童氣喘病例穩定增加,使其成為全世界兒童中最常見的疾病。研究人員發現英國和美國有 19% 的青少年氣喘病例(年齡在 1 到 18 歲),主要原因可歸咎於二氧化氮污染。

Asthma rate among children has been increasing steadily since the 1950s. Today, it is the most common disease among children worldwide. Researchers found that in the UK and the U.S., youngsters, aged between 1 to 18 years old, account for 19 percent of asthma patients, whose condition can be attributed to nitrogen dioxide pollution.

在英國,空氣污染導致每年約 40,000 人過早死亡,並且從兒童疾病到心臟病甚至癡呆症的健康問題有關,空氣污染正在影響各地兒童的生活,而不僅僅是在倫敦,因此呼籲全球政府採取更多措施降低水平。

In the UK, air pollution causes around 40,000 premature deaths each year, including death resulting from childhood illnesses, heart disease, and dementia. This is not only the case in London though; this is global issue that impacts children’s lives worldwide. It is a critical time for governments around the world to take measures to address the worsening situation.

而交通汙染的主要來源便是來自公路運輸,其中大部分來自柴油車輛。調查結果進一步證明,這些公路有毒煙霧能使數萬名兒童面臨潛在致命的氣喘發作風險。

As for the main sources of traffic pollution, it is mainly due to diesel cars. Research results further prove that toxic fumes can expose tens of thousands of children to potentially fatal asthma.

空氣污染是看不見的,因此很容易被大眾忽視,但現在可以看到同樣致命的風險,這些研究表明空汙是一個緊迫的威脅,需要採取行動來改善。

Even though we cannot see the danger at first, studies prove that road traffic pollution is an urgent threat that requires actions worldwide.