再破紀錄! 日本平均壽命創新高 | Average life expectancy of Japanese hits another record high

照片攝於2019年12月31日,一位老婦人年終祈禱結束後,走過東京神社的身影|In this Dec. 31, 2009 file photo, an elderly woman walks by a shrine in Tokyo after she made her last prayer for the year. (AP Photo/Junji Kurokawa, File)
照片攝於2019年12月31日,一位老婦人年終祈禱結束後,走過東京神社的身影|In this Dec. 31, 2009 file photo, an elderly woman walks by a shrine in Tokyo after she made her last prayer for the year. (AP Photo/Junji Kurokawa, File)

【看英文中國郵報學英文】根據日本衛生部統計顯示,2018年日本的平均壽命再破紀錄,女性平均壽命為87.32歲,男性則是81.25歲,自平成時代開始30年來男女平均壽命各增加了大約5年。

The average life expectancy of Japanese people reached record highs of 87.32 years for women and 81.25 for men in 2018, an increase of about five years for both sexes over the course of the 30 years of the Heisei era, according to the health ministry.

根據厚生勞動省紀錄,日本每年女性平均壽命增加0.05歲,因此連續六年平均壽命不斷突破紀錄。另一方面,自2017年,每年男性平均壽命增加0.16歲,至今已連續七年破紀錄。

The average lifespan of women inched up 0.05 years from the previous year, posting a record high for the sixth consecutive year. Meanwhile, the figure for men increased by 0.16 years from 2017, topping the record for the seventh consecutive year, the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry said.

平均壽命能夠估計同一年12個月大新生兒的預期壽命,在1989年,平成元年,男性的平均壽命是81.77歲,而女性則是75.91歲。

Average life expectancy is an estimate of how long babies under 12 months of age born in the same year are expected to live. The average lifespan in 1989, the first year of the Heisei era, was 81.77 for women and 75.91 for men.

照片攝於2006年1月21日星期六,日本東京過重的小孩正在游泳。|Two Japanese boys try to swim backstroke during a sports program for overweight kids in Tokyo Saturday, Jan. 21, 2006. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye)
照片攝於2006年1月21日星期六,日本東京過重的小孩正在游泳。|Two Japanese boys try to swim backstroke during a sports program for overweight kids in Tokyo Saturday, Jan. 21, 2006. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye)

厚生勞動省說明:「由於癌症、心臟失調與其他疾病的死亡率下降,加上醫療技術的進步與民眾對於健康意識提高,因此平均壽命年年增加。」

“Life expectancy may have grown due to a decline in death rates from cancer, heart disorders and other diseases due to advances in medical care, as well as people’s growing health consciousness,” the ministry stated.

根據全世界平均壽命數據,日本女性壽命名列第二,男性則維持去年水平排名第三。香港男性女性皆排名第一,男性平均壽命87.56年,女性為82.17年。

Looking at the latest overseas statistics by country and region, Japanese women ranked second, and men the third — the same as the previous year. Hong Kong topped the global ranking for both females and males at 87.56 and 82.17 respectively.