職場困境重重 逾6成遭歧視 |Discrimination still common at work, affecting 60% of workers

人力銀行昨(20)日公布的調查報告,有高達6成1的上班族指出,遭遇過各形式的職場歧視。(圖/人力銀行提供)| A survey published by the Taiwanese employment agency, 1111 Job Bank, on Aug.20 found that 61 percent of respondents have experienced some forms of workplace discrimination.
人力銀行昨(20)日公布的調查報告,有高達6成1的上班族指出,遭遇過各形式的職場歧視。(圖/人力銀行提供)| A survey published by the Taiwanese employment agency, 1111 Job Bank, on Aug.20 found that 61 percent of respondents have experienced some forms of workplace discrimination.

【看英文中國郵報學英文】根據人力銀行昨(20)日公布的調查報告,有高達6成1的上班族指出,遭遇過各形式的職場歧視。

A survey published by the Taiwanese employment agency, 1111 Job Bank, on Aug.20 found that 61 percent of respondents have experienced some forms of workplace discrimination. 

其中以45歲以上年齡歧視為大宗,女性更因為「外貌」遭受差別待遇,困境重重的職場也讓3成上班族淪為到職一天便閃電離職的快閃族。

Within the 61 percent, the majority are over the age of 45, while female respondents commonly reported experiences of appearance-based discrimination. Workplace mistreatments have led to rapid job switch among around 30 percent of respondents.

根據人力銀行調查顯示,有6成1上班族坦言,曾遭逢情況不一的職場歧視,主要以38.3%的年齡歧視占最大宗,其次則是12.8%的容貌歧視,值得注意的是,45歲以上的上班族有超過半數的比例,在求職過程中曾遭遇「年齡歧視」,高居各年齡層之冠,而遭遇容貌歧視的上班族當中,女性占比高達65.3%明顯高出男性。

According to the survey, out of the 61 percent respondent with experiences of workplace discrimination, age discrimination constitutes 38.3 percent, followed by appearance-based discrimination of 12.8 percent. More than half of the 61 percent were individuals aged 45 or older. Regarding appearance discrimination, female respondents make up around 65.3 percent of the responses.

1111人力銀行副總經理何啟聖表示,即使《就業服務法》第5條明文規定,雇主對求職人或僱員,不得以各種身份、性別予以歧視,然而在資訊與權力不對等下,職場歧視依然無所不在,分析45歲以上求職者倍受歧視的原因,可能與接近退休年齡有關。根據勞基法規定,工作15年以上年滿55歲者或是工作10年以上年滿60歲者,即符合「自請退休」條件,工作年限僅餘15年,雇主依法必須發給退休金,以致於衝擊企業進用中高齡求職者的意願,進而造成年齡歧視。

Chi-Sheng Ho (何啟聖), vice president of 1111 Job Bank, said that even though Article 5 of Employment Service Act (就業服務法) prohibits employers from discriminating against any job applicant or employee on the basis of, for example, age, gender, appearance, race, to just name a few, discrimination in the workplace is ubiquitous. Discrimination towards job seekers aged over 45 is likely due to the fact that they are closer to the age of retirement. According to the Labour Standards Act, a worker aged 55 or older and has worked for 15 years, or a worker aged 60 or older and has worked for 10 years, may apply for voluntary retirement. Thus, many employers feel discouraged to hire older workers as they risk paying a retirement pension. 

另外在求職上,上班族仍遭遇各種不合理待遇,其中,有29.7%曾經到職不滿1天就棄守崗位,閃離原因主要分為,工作內容與面試不符(43.2%)、無法忍受辦公室氛(28.2%)、不適應企業文化(22.8%)、工作環境不佳(22.2%)及被要求工作以外雜事(15.9%)等等。

The survey also found that 29.7 percent of respondents had previously quit a job after the first day of work. Reasons were said to be that the job was different from what was promised in the interview (43.2 percent), unbearable work atmosphere (28.2 percent), difficulty in adapting to the corporate culture (22.8 percent), bad working environment (22.2 percent), and that they were asked to do chores outside of their responsibilities (15.9 percent).