The President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, said on Aug. 26 that the capital city would be relocated to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, from the current capital of Jakarta, on the island of Java. Such decision was made as Jakarta is an overdeveloped city with more than 10 million residents.
The primary reason of relocation is to address the concern that climate change is accelerating the sinking of Jakarta. Experts have estimated that by 2050, 95 percent of North Jakarta will be under the threat of being submerged.
Another reason is due to the imbalance in resource allocation and development as a nation. Indonesia is home to around 250 million people, while more than half of the population lives on the island of Java. Overpopulation has caused challenging problems such as heavy traffic and pollution that do not have solutions yet. Relocation of capital might potentially be one.
The Indonesian government plans to start the relocation in 2024 and the project is expected to cost 466 trillion rupiahs (around $33 billion; NT$1 trillion).