印尼擬添新的世界遺產!一窺神秘的「印尼香料之路」 | Indonesia to propose spice trail for UNESCO World Heritage list

裝在木碗裡的香料 | Plenty of spices in wooden bowls (Shutterstock)
裝在木碗裡的香料 | Plenty of spices in wooden bowls (Shutterstock)

看英文中國郵報學英文】印尼群島自古以來就以盛產香料名聞全球,像是肉豆蔻、丁香、薑、胡椒及肉桂等,透過海上貿易,各國水手們來到印尼後將香料帶到全世界。

The Indonesian archipelago has been known throughout history for ih of spices, from nutmeg, cloves, ginger, pepper to cinnamon, that were introduced to the world by the nation’s sailors in the past.

印尼報紙Kompas報導,香料特殊的味道、香氣及對身體的助益等特性,讓印尼教育文化部決定向聯合國教科文組織底下的世界遺產委員會推薦香料之路成為世界級的文化遺產。

In regard to the spices that have been sought after worldwide thanks to their distinctive tastes, aromas and health benefits, the Education and Culture Ministry has recommended the great story of the spice trail be recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee (WHC), according to Kompas.

印尼盛產肉豆蔻 | Nutmeg also called Pala in Indonesian (Shutterstock)
印尼盛產肉豆蔻 | Nutmeg also called Pala in Indonesian (Shutterstock)

上周五,教育文化部的文化遺產與外交署署長向Kompas說道,他們署裡的官員正在籌備繳交至世界遺產委員會的必要文件,讓印尼香料之路列入暫時性名單(TENTATIVE LIST)。

Nadjamuddin Ramly, the Education and Culture Ministry’s cultural heritage and diplomacy director general, told Kompas on Friday that his team was preparing the necessary documents for the spice trail’s submission to the WHC’s tentative list.

「進入暫時性名單後,香料之路就有可能登記入冊成為世界文化遺產。」署長說道。

“After entering the tentative list, the spice trail could possibly be recommended to be inscribed as world cultural heritage,” said Nadjamuddin.

印尼媒體The Jakarta Post報導,2003年10月巴黎大會上,印尼也加入上簽署聯合國的《保護非物質文化遺產公約》。

In October 2003, Indonesia signed the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage at a meeting in Paris.

世界文化遺產婆羅浮屠寺廟群 | UNESCO world heritage Borobudur temple compounds (Shutterstock)
世界文化遺產婆羅浮屠寺廟群 | UNESCO world heritage Borobudur temple compounds (Shutterstock)

截至目前,印尼有數個世界文化遺產,文化方面包括婆羅浮屠及普蘭巴南的寺廟群、位於爪哇的斯拉根桑義蘭早期人類遺址及沙瓦倫多奧比林煤礦文化遺產,自然遺產則有科摩多國家公園、洛倫茨國家公園、烏戎庫隆國家公園,還有蘇門答臘的熱帶雨林等。

At the time of writing, Indonesia has several sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, including the Borobudur and Prambanan temple compounds, the Sangiran early man site and Ombilin coal mine in the cultural category, as well as Komodo, Lorentz and Ujungkulon national parks and the tropical rainforests of Sumatra in the natural category.

暫時性名單上印尼則佔有19席,像是原住民族托拉查人的傳統領域、Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat史前喀斯特石灰岩地形、雅加達舊城區還有Onrust, Kelor, Cipir 及 Bidadari四座離島。

Meanwhile, on the tentative list, which is an inventory of sites countries have proposed for consideration, Indonesia has 19 sites including the Tana Toraja traditional settlement, the prehistoric rock art area of Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat Karst and the old town of Jakarta and the four outlying islands of Onrust, Kelor, Cipir and Bidadari.

By The Jakarta Post (ANN) and The China Post

Translated by Carol Kan