這裡不是火星!霾害太嚴重印尼驚現「血色天空」 | Red skies in Jambi caused by haze filtering out sunlight

【看英文中國郵報學英文】馬來西亞媒體The Star報導,週日,森林大火所導致的霧霾讓印尼占碑省的天色異變成紅色。

The skies turned red here on Sunday (Sept. 22) due to the haze, caused by widespread forest fires, reports Sinar Harian.

印尼災害防治單位官員解釋道,從熱點(即,發生火災的地方)擴散出來的霧霾造成「瑞利散射」,是讓天空呈現紅色的主要原因。

The Malay daily reported that Indonesia National Board for Disaster Management information chief Agus Wibowo Soet had explained that the phenomenon, which was also known as “Rayleigh Scattering”, was caused by the movement of haze away from hotspots.

印尼天文學家Marufin Sudibyo表示,天空不會因為氣溫突然上升而變色。

Indonesian astronomer Marufin Sudibyo also explained that the skies did not turn red because of a sudden increase in temperatures.

周日,因為森林大火所導致的霧霾讓印尼占碑省的天色異變成紅色 | The skies turned red in Jambi, Indonesia on Sunday due to the haze, caused by widespread forest fires. (PHOTO: The Star, ANN)
週日,因為森林大火所導致的霧霾讓印尼占碑省的天色異變成紅色 | The skies turned red in Jambi, Indonesia on Sunday due to the haze, caused by widespread forest fires. (PHOTO: The Star, ANN)

Marufin Sudibyo解釋,因為「瑞利散射」發生,煙、灰塵或其他空氣微粒將陽光裡波長較短的部份濾除,並釋放波長較長的橘光或紅光,造成天空變暗或呈現紅色。

“Rayleigh Scattering happens when sunlight is dispersed by smoke, dust or airborne particles that filter shorter wavelengths and release longer wavelengths that are in the orange or red spectrum, making the area appear to be dim and red,” he said.

Marufin Sudibyo也說道,占碑省的情形是因為微米或奈米級的空氣粒子相比之前太過於密集,才會造成這個現象。

Marufin also told Sinar Harian that in the Jambi situation, the density of the micro- and nano-particles in the air was large enough to make it much more dense than the normal atmosphere.

另外,Marufin Sudibyo強調這個現象並不會對人體造成傷害。

However, he stressed that the phenomenon did not have any adverse effects on human vision.

他說道,1883Krakatau火山爆發及1991年皮納土波火山爆發後也發生過類似現象。

Sinar Harian also reported that similar scenes had been reported in Indonesia after the Krakatau volcano eruption in 1883 and after Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991.

周日早上11點左右,占碑省紅色天空的照片及影片在社群軟體上廣傳。

Earlier, images and videos of the red sky at 11am in Jambi had gone viral on social media.

Haze causes skies in Indonesia's Jambi province to turn red

The haze has caused skies in Indonesia's Jambi province to turn red on Sunday. The phenomenon is caused by an effect called Rayleigh Scattering. https://str.sg/JoVZVideo: Zuni Shofi Yatun Nisa/Twitter

The Straits Times 发布于 2019年9月22日周日

By The Star (ANN) and The China Post

Translated by Carol Kan