對抗癌症新趨勢!根除幽門桿菌降低胃癌機率 | Innovative treatment could address stomach cancer

International Gastric Cancer Prevention and Treatment Consensus and the World Stomach Day took place at National Taiwan University Hospital today, with doctors and scholars around the world in attendance. (NTUH)
International Gastric Cancer Prevention and Treatment Consensus and the World Stomach Day took place at National Taiwan University Hospital today, with doctors and scholars around the world in attendance. (NTUH)

【看英文中國郵報學英文】臺大醫院國際胃癌預防治療共識暨世界保胃日於昨(1)早上11點在台大醫院舉辦記者會,現場邀請了來自各國研究腸胃疾病的專家學者到場一同與會。台灣微菌聯盟理事長兼教授吳俊穎指出,為了推廣民眾對於胃臟疾病的健康知識,於是將十月二日定為「世界保胃日」。

The International Gastric Cancer Prevention and Treatment Consensus unfolded Tuesday at National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) on the World Stomach Day with doctors and scholars from around the world in attendance. Wu Chun-Ying, head of the Taiwan Microbiota Consortium, pointed out that World Stomach Day aims to raise awareness of stomach diseases. 

臺大醫院國際胃癌預防治療共識暨世界保胃日於昨(1)早上11點在台大醫院舉辦記者會 | International Gastric Cancer Prevention and Treatment Consensus and the World Stomach Day took place at National Taiwan University Hospital today, with doctors and scholars around the world in attendance. (NTUH)
臺大醫院國際胃癌預防治療共識暨世界保胃日於昨(1)早上11點在台大醫院舉辦記者會 | International Gastric Cancer Prevention and Treatment Consensus and the World Stomach Day took place at National Taiwan University Hospital today, with doctors and scholars from around the world in attendance. (NTUH)

醫學界已證實,幽門螺旋桿菌感染是導致胃癌以及消化性潰瘍症狀的最大主因,因此若能提早消除幽門螺旋桿菌,將大幅降低胃癌的發生機率。

According to medical authorities, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a type of bacteria, is one of the major factors leading to stomach cancer and peptic ulcer disease (PUD). If H. pylori were detected earlier and removed, the chances of getting cancer could, therefore, be significantly reduced. 

胃癌目前是全球癌症死亡排名第三。2018年台灣十大癌症死亡率胃癌名列第七。

Stomach cancer is the third most common cause of death from cancer. In Taiwan, stomach cancer ranked seventh in cancer mortality in 2018. 

在吳明賢理事長、李宜家教授以及劉志銘教授的領導下,台大醫學院與各國專家學者於這兩日深入探討並達成共識,指出超過八成的胃癌是幽門桿菌感染所引起的,因此提早篩檢出人體內的幽門桿菌並消除,可大幅降低胃癌以及消化性潰瘍的發生率

With the two-day discussions hosted by Ming-Shiang Wu, Yi-Chia Lee, and Jyh-Ming Liou, the NTUH and some overseas scholars have observed that 80 percent of stomach cancer cases have resulted from the infection of H. pylori. By extension, the early removal of H. pylori could considerably decrease the risk of getting gastric cancer, they said.

亞太胃癌預防研究計畫捐贈儀式 | Asia Pacific Gastric Cancer Prevention Research Project Donation Ceremony (NTUH)
亞太胃癌預防研究計畫捐贈儀式 | Asia Pacific Gastric Cancer Prevention Research Project Donation Ceremony (NTUH)

台大醫院消化內科醫師劉志銘指出,幽門桿菌主要是經過糞口傳染,劉醫師也提到消除幽門桿菌的成功率有九成以上。

In addition, Dr. Jyh-Ming Liou, who is specialized in gastroenterology at the NTUH, said that the infection of H. pylori is caused by a fecal-oral transmission during diarrhea for instance. The treatment has a success rate of H. pylori removal that can reach up to 90 percent, Liou said. 

劉醫師表示,接受幽門桿菌除菌治療後,雖然會造成短暫的腸道菌相改變以及大腸桿菌抗藥性菌株比例增加,但在兩個月之後腸道箘以及大腸桿菌抗藥性菌株的比例皆可恢復到治療前狀態。

Still, the treatment could cause slight changes in human gastrointestinal microbiota and also increase in the proportion of drug-resistant Escherichia coli in patients’ microflora. The number of drug-resistant Escherichia coli and intestinal microflora would restore to normal after two months of recovery. 

此外,劉醫師提到目前台大醫院有提供自費幽門桿菌篩檢,且篩檢準確度達9成以上。

Dr. Liou said that there is self-pay H. pylori screening, which can identify 90 percent of cases that are suspected of having H. pylori.