各大企業談永續經營 廢棄物也能變黃金 | ‘Circular Economy Industry Summit’ highlights benefit of thinking beyond take, make and dispose

「2019年台灣國際循環經濟展」(2019 Circular Economy Taiwan),於 9月26日至28日在台北世貿一館舉辦。 |The “Circular Economy Industry Summit” unfolded on Sept. 26 at the Taipei International ConveNTIOn Center. (Courtesy of LCI)
「2019年台灣國際循環經濟展」(2019 Circular Economy Taiwan),於 9月26日至28日在台北世貿一館舉辦。 |The “Circular Economy Industry Summit” unfolded on Sept. 26 at the Taipei International ConveNTIOn Center. (Courtesy of LCI)

【看英文中國郵報學英文】循環經濟不再只是個口號了。預計2030年全球總人口數將達到近90億人,不可避免的,我們使用的資源量將會超過地球所能負荷的。 

The circular economy is more than just a buzz phrase. With the global population predicted to approach 9 billion people by 2030, we all agree that we are using more resources than the planet can provide. 

越來越多公司和政府部門相信,未來發展在於如何讓我們所擁有的資源能夠永續。例如循環經濟就是建立在排除廢棄物與污染、確保產品與材料再利用,以及重建自然系統等原則上。 

A growing number of companies and government agencies also believe that our future depends on reusing what we have in a sustainable way thoughSuch circular economy is based on the principles of designing out waste and pollution, keeping products and materials in use, and regenerating natural systems. 

以上這些解決辦法都是本屆高峰會的核心。由外貿協會主辦、歐洲在臺商務協會低碳倡議行動協辦之第二屆「2019年台灣國際循環經濟展」(2019 Circular Economy Taiwan),於 9月26日至28日在台北世貿一館舉辦。 

These innovative solutions were at the heart of the second edition of Circular Economy Industry Summit” (台灣國際循環經濟產業高峰會), hosted by Taiwan External Trade Development Council (TAITRA) and the European Chamber of Commerces Low Carbon Initiative (ECCT LCI), that unfolded on Sept. 26 at the Taipei International Convention Center (TICC). 

經濟部工業局局長呂正華環保署廢管處處長賴瑩瑩於高峰會發表演說,強調鼓勵工業轉型與家庭廢棄物處理的重要性 

Speaking at the event, Jang-Hwa Leu (呂正華), director general, Industrial Development Bureau (經濟部工業局under the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Yin-yin Lai (賴瑩瑩), director general, Waste Management DepartmentEnvironment Protection Administration (EPA環保署廢管處), highlighted the importance of encouraging industrial transformation and waste treatment of household trash, respectively. 

許多公司秉持循環經濟的理念擴張,包括科思創聚合物(中國)有限公司大中華永續發展負責人普安琪博士以及荷蘭駐台辦公事處代表紀維德。 

Several companies also expanded on the notion of circular economyincluding Angelina Prokofieva, head of Sustainability Greater ChinaCovestro Polymer China, and Guy Wittich, representative, the Netherlands Trade and Investment Office in Taiwan (NTIO). 

科思創是聯合國全球契約的領頭羊之一。科思創上個月憑藉其以溫室氣體二氧化碳替代原油來製成塑膠原料的技術,入圍了2019德國總統獎(又稱德國未來獎)。 

Covestro is a LEAD company of the United Nations Global Compact, as well as a nominee in the finals for the 2019 German Presidents Award (German Future Prize) with the technology for using CO2 exhaust gas in plastics production to save crude oil. 

圖為科思創聚合物(中國)有限公司大中華永續發展負責人普安琪博士。 |Angelina Prokofieva is head of Sustainability Greater China, Covestro Polymer China. (Courtesy of LCI)
圖為科思創聚合物(中國)有限公司大中華永續發展負責人普安琪博士。 |Angelina Prokofieva is head of Sustainability Greater China, Covestro Polymer China. (Courtesy of LCI)

今年台中花博荷蘭館是由荷蘭駐台辦公事處設計,充分展現對未來永續發展的想法。紀維德解釋道,循環經濟不像線型經濟採用「取得原料、製造、丟棄」,而是利用再生系統透過縮減能源及材料循環,以減少廢棄物和能源浪費。 

The Holland Pavilion designed by the NTIO for the Taichung World Flora Expo showcased the idea of achieving a sustainable world too. Unlike a linear economy which is a take, make, dispose model of production, a circular economy is a regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emissions, and energy leakage are minimized by slowing, closing, and narrowing energy and material loops, explained Wittich. 

透過回收與延長資源生命週期,各大公司代表人包括精工愛普生集團、宜家家居、 Arçelik 白色家電、永德福汽車、家樂福,分享他們如何在每日營運中執行循環經濟和環境保護的概念。 

By means of recycling and prolonging the life cycles of resources, representatives from EpsonIKEAArçelikEverledgerScania and Carrefour further highlighted how they carry out the concepts of circular economy and environmental protection in their daily operations. 

精工愛普生集團經營企劃部部長水野徹也提到,以創新實現「辦公室循環」的重要性。另一方面,根據宜家家居台灣、香港與澳門副總經理表示,透過把挑戰變成機會,宜家家居成功將廢棄物變成財富。 

Tetsuya Mizuno (水野 徹也)general manager of Corp. Planning Department, Seiko Epson Corporationexpanded on the importance of innovation in carrying office circulation. By turning challenges into opportunities, IKEA has also succeeded in turning waste into wealth, according to Hugo Asplunddeputy general manager, IKEA TaiwanHong Kong and Macau. 

阿奇利克社會環境經理 Koray Derman則強調將循環經濟實現於生產部門的重要性,包括將發泡科技運用在塑膠注射製模,以及將鐵桶回收作為洗衣機。 

Koray Dermanhead of Purchasing Electronics, Arcelik Grouphighlighted the importance of the circular economy in the manufacturing sector, including the development of a foaming technology for plastic injection molding and recycling pet drum for washing machines. 

圖右為歐洲商會低碳倡議行動總監蘇冬蘭,舉辦「綠色供應鏈」座談會,在場許多專家與講者。 | Sammy Su, right, director of Low Carbon Initiative (LCI) at ECCT, hosted a panel discussion on “Green Supply Chain” in company of various panelists and speakers. (Courtesy of LCI)
圖右為歐洲商會低碳倡議行動總監蘇冬蘭,舉辦「綠色供應鏈」座談會,在場許多專家與講者。 | Sammy Su, right, director of Low Carbon Initiative (LCI) at ECCT, hosted a panel discussion on “Green Supply Chain” in company of various panelists and speakers. (Courtesy of LCI)

Everledger執行長康靈安分享對於運用科技來增加循環經濟廣度的見解。新創公司Everledger 主要是利用區塊鏈來創造一個安全永久的資產訊息數位紀錄。另一方面,永德福汽車企業發展總監林日尉揭曉能夠幫助運輸部門的革新。 

Leanne Kemp, CEO, Everledgera tech company using blockchain to create a secure and permanent digital record of an assets origin, shared her insight on using technology to expand the scope of the circular economy, while David Lin (林日尉), director of Business DevelopmentScaniaunveiled the latest innovations to help transforming the transportation sector. 

許多人不知道其實循環經濟能在很多地方發揮潛能,如在大眾運輸和物流產業上。其中還包含能使用不同指標減少生產週期中所產生的垃圾。 

Most people dont know but the circular economy has many potential applications in the transportation and logistics industries, including support production cycles that minimize waste using various metrics. 

家樂福企業社會責任暨溝通總監蘇小真解釋,家樂福先從有機商品開始使用可回收包裝,2020年將以可回收材質來包裝所有產品。所有用在魚肉起司等生鮮部門的保麗龍盤子將全數替換為可回收材質。 

Marilyn Su (蘇小真)director of CSR & CommunicationCarrefourexplained that Carrefour is committed to using recyclable packaging for all its products, starting with its Organic Carrefour products, as of 2020All polystyrene trays used in the meat, fish and cheese departments will be replaced with recyclable packaging. 

雖然運用循環經濟原則一開始看似成本增加,但這次參與高峰會的專家們展現出「成功轉型」能為公司帶來價值。 然而,他們也建議跳進循環經濟模式前,可以先了解三項循環經濟基本原則。 

While applying the principles of the circular economy may seem like a cost-inducing practice at first, the various experts attending this years forum showed that completing a successful transition brings value to businesses. Before jumping in, however, they recommended to learn the three fundamental principles of the circular economy first. 

圖為家樂福企業社會責任暨溝通總監蘇小真。 | Marilyn Su is director of CSR & Communication, Carrefour. (Courtesy of LCI)
圖為家樂福企業社會責任暨溝通總監蘇小真。 | Marilyn Su is director of CSR & Communication, Carrefour. (Courtesy of LCI)

首先,你必須先透過控制有限的存量,平衡可再生資源,以保存並加強自然資本。接著,企業在技術及生物循環方面,透過將產品、組件和材料使用效能最大化,以優化資源產量。最後,應該要發現並排除負面外部影響來加強系統效能。 

To begin with, you need to preserve and enhance natural capital by controlling finite stocks and balancing renewable resource stocks. Next, businesses should aim to optimizing resource yields by utilizing products, components and materials to their highest capacity at all times in both technical and biological cycles. Last but not leastthey should foster system effectiveness by uncovering and designing out negative externalities. 

最後專家們表示,一但你確定公司已經準備好改變或是開始進行初步試驗,你必須執行成本效益分析,且為了發展正確指標、方法和基準,必須透過數據和實踐,投入更多時間在你的循環發展。 

Once you know your business is ready for a complete change or a pilot project, you need to carry out a cost/benefit analysis and build more time into your development cycle with data and best practices, they concluded in order to develop proper metrics, methodologies and benchmarks. 

By Dimitri Bruyas