TAIPEI (CNA) — A new regulation that requires parents to put children up to two years of age in a rear-facing safety seat will come into effect on Sept. 1, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications said Monday.
The regulation was revised on Dec. 2, 2019 to apply to young children up to two years old, from up to one year old previously, according to the ministry.
Increasing the age standard is aimed at improving safety for young children, as pediatric cervical spine development remains incomplete before age two, the ministry said, citing studies from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
The sudden impact of a car accident can often cause whiplash, meaning that the neck is overextended or pushed suddenly in an awkward direction, and rear-facing safety seats provide better protection than front-facing ones against such injuries, it said.
The ministry said that it also encourages parents to use rear-facing safety seats for young children between two and four years old who weigh under 18 kilograms. Once the revised regulation takes effect, violators will be subject to a fine of NT$1,500-3,000 (US$50-100), it said.