臉書不能PO這個!越南言論自由受威脅|Facebook agreed to censor posts in Vietnam, sets bad example in Asia

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【看CP學英文】無國界記者組織 (RSF) 在週二公佈「2020世界新聞自由指數報告」,指出武漢肺炎疫情後續幾年將是全球新聞趨勢的關鍵期。

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) on Tuesday released its 2020 World Press Freedom Index, showing that the coming years will be decisive for the future of journalism amid global crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

新聞自由的威脅在越南更是明顯。據報導,越南對於自由獨立的報導和可靠資訊的提供進行強力的限制,今年年初當地臉書伺服器遭政府斷線更是驗證此事。

The threat to the right for freely reported, independent, diverse and reliable information in Vietnam is clearly shown in a new report that Facebook’s local servers in Vietnam were allegedly taken offline earlier this year by local authorities.

根據路透報導,越南當地的國有電信業刻意讓網速變慢,直到臉書同意加強對當地含有「反政府言論」貼文的審查。

According to two Facebook sources, quoted by Reuters, state-owned telecommunications companies authorities purposely slowed local traffic to a crawl “until (Facebook) agreed to significantly increase the censorship of “anti-state” posts for local users.”

郵件中,臉書證實最終依照著越南政府的要求,將政府視為「非法的貼文」撤除。

In an emailed statement, Facebook confirmed it had reluctantly complied with the government’s request to “restrict access to content which it has deemed to be illegal”.

據統計,有將近6,500萬名用戶在臉書上發表政治言論和推播網路銷售,因此,此平台近期已成越南和許多其他國家政府的新武器。

Facebook has become a weapon of choice for governments around the world, including Vietnam where the platform serves 65 million users for both e-commerce and expressions of political dissent.

即便現正歷經經濟改革,在逐漸開放的社會風俗下,越南仍舊在180個國家排名中佔第175位。此排名也間接顯露出共產黨對於媒體的強力限制。

Vietnam ranks 175th of 180 countries despite sweeping economic reform and increasing openness to social change, showing that the ruling Communist Party retains tight control of the media and tolerates little dissent.