杜絕非法仲介剝削! 印尼將免除移工出國費用 | Indonesia to cancel pre-departure fees for migrant workers

Migrant workers are a group that cannot be ignored in Taiwan's labor market.(photo/ Taoyuan City Government)

印尼海外移工安置暨保護局昨日(17日)啟動「杜絕非法仲介」專案小組,宣示根除移工遭收超額仲介費之弊病,表示將與合法仲介合作,讓移工未來「零成本」出國,無須支付仲介包括訓練費、簽證費和機票等任何費。

The National Board for the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Overseas Workers (BNPTKI) launched an “End Illegal Manpower Agency” project on Monday, aimed at eradicating the practice of overcharging migrant workers by manpower agencies.

The project also aims at ensuring that migrant workers go working abroad at “zero cost” in the future, meaning no extra fees for training, visas and plane tickets, according to reports from Taiwan’s Central News Agency (CNA).

根據《中央社》報導指出,局長本尼(Benny Rhamdani)表示,將與合法仲介合作,共同負擔移工出國工作前的所有費用,適用於包括家務工作者、看護工、漁工等10個產業。並表示,目前正與各國政府討論相關細節,期望在半年後開始實施,同時也將結合政府與民間力量,深入鄉村打擊非法仲介網路。

BNPTKI head Benny Rhamdani reportedly said that he will work with legal manpower agencies to share all costs resulting from overseas jobs before the migrant workers leave the country. The new policy will apply to ten different industries, including domestic workers, caregivers and fishermen.

He added that authorities are currently working on the details with foreign governments, hoping to implement the program within 6 months, while also combining governmental and private resources to crack down on illegal manpower agency networks in Indonesian villages.

本尼回答《中央社》記者提問時指出,有些非法仲介向移工收取高達4000萬至6000萬印尼盾的費用(約新台幣7.9萬元至11.9萬元),導致移工工作後仍需花很長時間才能還清高額仲介費,大大影響生計。

In response to a question from a CNA reporter, Benny pointed out that some illegal agencies charge migrant workers as much as 40 to 60 million Indonesian rupiahs (NT$79,000 to NT$119,000) for agency fees, which would take them a long time to repay, greatly impacting their livelihood.

台灣自1992年通過《就業服務法》後,便訂下由仲介管理移工的模式,仲介介於移工與雇主之間,卻經常仗著資訊不對等壓榨、剝削移工;而移工透過仲介制度來台則要面對從介紹費、仲介費到服務費等層層的費用剝削,經常需要花1年至1年半才能還清,造成移工相當大的經濟壓力。

Ever since the “Employment Services Act” (ESA) was enacted in 1992, Taiwan has established a model for managing migrant workers through manpower agencies. As the intermediary between the migrant workers and their employers, manpower agencies often exploit migrant workers through information asymmetry.

Migrant workers who come to Taiwan through an agency system usually face exploitation in forms of referral, agency and service fees, which often take them up to one year and a half to repay and resulting in great financial pressure.

而儘管移工每月固定給付服務費給仲介,許多仲介為討好雇主,在移工遇到問題時也不會替移工主張權益,讓許多移工感嘆,仲介根本沒有「服務移工」,不知道仲介存在的必要在哪。

Even though migrant workers pay a fixed monthly fee to their agents, many agents do not advocate for their rights when they encounter problems in order to please the employers, leaving many of them to lament that the agents do not “serve the migrant workers” and therefore do not see the need for their existence. 

雖然台灣現行法規未硬性規定雇主聘僱移工必須透過仲介,勞動部過去也鼓勵僱主直聘,但由於繁複的手續流程和法規問題非一般雇主所熟悉,因此只要仲介制度存在,雇主為求方便多半仍會選擇透過仲介引進移工。

Although the law offers multiple ways to hire migrant workers from abroad, the Ministry of Labor encourages employers to hire workers directly.

Still, employers prefer not to do so due to their unfamiliarity with the complicated procedures and legal issues involved in the process.

In other words, employers will most likely continue to hire workers through manpower agencies as so as long as the agency system makes it easier to do so.

過去,許多民間勞團就曾呼籲政府廢除私人仲介制度,改以政府對政府直接聘僱的方式,以根除仲介剝削問題。然而,引進移工問題涉及國與國的法律規定,如印尼目前仍規定初次來台之家庭類移工需透過仲介引進。

In the past, many labor rights groups have called on the government to abolish the private agency system and replace it with direct government-to-government employment services in order to eradicate the problem of exploitation. 

Laws and regulations regarding overseas work are different in each country and Taiwan can not do much if Indonesia requires that first-time caregivers apply to work overseas through an agency. 

隨著印尼政府擬定新規免除移工出國前之費用,雖無法解決移工出國後所可能面對的剝削問題,但有望減輕移工部分經濟負擔。

With the Indonesian government’s new regulations exempting migrant workers from pre-departure fees, it is expected that migrant workers’ financial burden will be reduced.

Regretfully, the new regulation will not solve the problem of exploitation that migrant workers may face once they leave the country.